| Over 2,000,0000 place
names available from the
(Geographic Names Information System) developed by the USGS.
all the defined types
facility maintained for the use of aircraft
(airfield, airstrip, landing field, landing
arch like opening in a rock mass (bridge,
natural bridge, sea arch).
one of several areally extensive natural
features not included in other categories
(badlands, barren, delta, fan, garden).
or channel through which water may occasionally
flow (coulee, draw, gully, wash).
accumulation of sand, gravel, or alluvium
forming an underwater or exposed embankment
(ledge, reef, sandbar, shoal, spit).
depression or relatively low area enclosed by
higher land (amphitheater, cirque, pit, sink).
of a coastline or shoreline enclosing a part of a
body of water; a body of water partly surrounded
by land (arm, bight, cove, estuary, gulf, inlet,
sloping shore along a body of water that is
washed by waves or tides and is usually covered
by sand or gravel (coast, shore, strand).
of relatively level land on the flank of an
elevation such as a hill, ridge, or mountain
where the slope of the land rises on one side
and descends on the opposite side (level).
in the course of a stream and (or) the land
within the curve; a curve in a linear body of
water (bottom, loop, meander).
structure carrying a trail, road, or other
transportation system across a body of water or
depression (causeway, overpass, trestle).
manmade structure with walls and a roof for
protection of people and (or) materials, but not
including church, hospital, or school.
waterway used by watercraft or for drainage,
irrigation, mining, or water power (ditch,
of land extending into a body of water (lea,
neck, peninsula, point).
underground passageway or chamber, or a hollowed
out cavity in the side of a cliff (cavern,
place or area for burying the dead (burial,
burying ground, grave, memorial garden).
deep part of a body of water through which the
main volume of water flows and is frequently
used as a route for watercraft (passage, reach,
strait, thoroughfare, throughfare).
used for religious worship (chapel, mosque,
synagogue, tabernacle, temple).
as populated place
political division formed for administrative
purposes (borough, county, municipio, parish,
steep or vertical slope (bluff, crag, head,
headland, nose, palisades, precipice,
promontory, rim, rimrock).
depression at the summit of a volcanic cone or
one on the surface of the land caused by the
impact of a meteorite; a manmade depression
caused by an explosion (caldera, lua).
place where two or more routes of transportation
form a junction or intersection (overpass,
barrier or embankment built across the course of
a stream or into a body of water to control and
(or) impound the flow of water (breakwater,
or very steep fall of water in the course of a
stream (cascade, cataract, waterfall).
level area within a region of greater relief
(clearing, glade, playa).
area of woods, forest, or grassland under the
administration of a political agency (see
woods) (national forest, national
grasslands, State forest).
point or opening between hills or mountains or
in a ridge or mountain range (col, notch, pass,
saddle, water gap, wind gap).
spring from which hot water and (or) steam and
in some cases mud are periodically thrown.
or stream of ice moving outward and downslope
from an area of accumulation; an area of
relatively permanent snow or ice on the top or
side of a mountain or mountainous area (icefield,
ice patch, snow patch).
small coastal waterway connecting larger bodies
of water or other waterways (creek, inlet,
area of water where ships or other watercraft
can anchor or dock (hono, port, roads,
where the sick or injured may receive medical or
surgical attention (infirmary).
of dry or relatively dry land surrounded by
water or low wetland (archipelago, atoll, cay,
hammock, hummock, isla, isle, key, moku, rock).
section of land in a body of water connecting
two larger land areas.
body of inland water (backwater, lac, lagoon,
laguna, pond, pool, resaca, waterhole).
resulting from the consolidation of molten rock
on the surface of the Earth (kepula, lava flow).
or manmade embankment flanking a stream (bank,
at which there is or was human activity; it does
not include populated places, mines, and dams
(battlefield, crossroad, camp, farm, ghost town,
landing, railroad siding, ranch, ruins, site,
or area from which commercial minerals are or
were removed from the Earth; not including
oilfield (pit, quarry, shaft).
where petroleum is or was removed from the
for miscellaneous named manmade entities that
cannot readily be placed in the other feature
classes listed here.
or area set aside for recreation or preservation
of a cultural or natural resource and under some
form of government administration; not including
National or State forests or Reserves (national
historical landmark, national park, State park).
standing, often spire shaped, natural rock
formation (chimney, monument, pinnacle, pohaku,
region of general uniform slope, comparatively
level and of considerable extent (grassland,
highland, kula, plateau, upland).
States post office
or area with clustered or scattered buildings
and a permanent human population (city,
settlement, town, village).
of hills or mountains; a somewhat linear,
complex mountainous or hilly area (cordillera,
flowing section of a stream, often shallow and
with exposed rock or boulders (riffle, ripple).
tract of land set aside for a specific use (does
not include forests, civil divisions, parks).
impounded body of water (lake, tank).
with a narrow, elongated crest which can be part
of a hill or mountain (crest, cuesta,
escarpment, hogback, lae, rim, spur).
or group of buildings used as an institution for
study, teaching, and learning (academy, college,
high school, university).
body of salt water (gulf, ocean).
gently inclined part of the Earth's surface
where underground water flows naturally to the
surface of the Earth (seep).
body of water flowing on the Earth's surface
(anabranch, awawa, bayou, branch, brook, creek,
distributary, fork, kill, pup, rio, river, run,
elevation rising above the surrounding level of
the Earth's surface; does not include pillars,
ridges, or ranges (ahu, berg, bald, butte, cerro,
colina, cone, cumbre, dome, head, hill, horn,
knob, knoll, mauna, mesa, mesita, mound, mount)
drained wetland, fresh or saltwater, wooded or
grassy, possibly covered with open water (bog,
cienega, marais, marsh, pocosin).
manmade structure, higher than its diameter,
generally used for observation, storage, or
for passage from one point to another; does not
include roads or highways (jeep trail, path, ski
underground passageway open at both ends.
depression in the Earth's surface that generally
slopes from one end to the other (barranca,
canyon, chasm, cove, draw, glen, gorge, gulch,
gulf, hollow, ravine).
shaft or hole in the Earth's surface used to
obtain fluid or gaseous materials.
area covered with a dense growth of trees; does
not include an area of trees under the
administration of a political agency (see